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Euskal Idazleen Elkartea

A brief history of Basque literature

Significant cultural changes took place during these years. People began to become aware of their self-sufficiency, religion lost importance, new political ideals emerged and the contributions of modern pedagogy and psychology began to be taken into account.

Baiona (Bayonne) was where in 1964 a group of teachers and writers established the first foundations of a unified orthography.

G. Aresti’s work, Harri eta Herri was published in 1964. Like many other aspects of the time this work also showed that it was distancing itself from traditional ideological, linguistic and literary trends.


A poetry movement known as the “Uhin Berria” (New Wave) grew up around this outstanding literary work of G. Aresti. The writers in this movement denounced the injustices which had arisen in society and demanded a society which was at the service of human beings. J. San Martin put together an expression of this group of poets in Uhin berri (1969).

Drama and essay writing:

The novel was not very important but in drama a new generation emerged, to which G. Aresti and X. Garmendia belonged.

Essay writing:

The main figures were Txillardegi, R. Arregi and J. San Martin.

At the end of the 1960s narrative writing (through the existential novel) replaced the romantic "costumbrista" novel; in poetry, the free structures were interspersed with measured stanzas. Drama and essay writing, in contrast, did not overcome their provisional situation.

Liburuak Gozagarri 2018
Literatur Jarduerak
Idazleak Ikastetxeetan
Gure Programak
2011 Euskal Idazleen Elkartea
Zemoria kalea 25 · 20013 Donostia (Gipuzkoa)
Tel.: 943 27 69 99

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