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Euskal Idazleen Elkartea

A brief history of Basque literature

Narrative Writing:

The type of novel known as “existential” because of its contents emerged, and the moulds of the "costumbrista" novel were broken. The story consisted of internal problems, doubts and anxieties expressed through complex characters developed thorough the story and immersed in continual ups and downs.

In this movement the following stand out among the authors who developed narrative writing: Txillardegi and E. Erkiaga.

Nevertheless, there are also autobiographical accounts written by a number of authors. These autobiographical or popular accounts have a simple, popular, fresh structure. They present anecdotes the protagonists get involved in, the people they meet, the countryside they see and the sentiments they feel, and the account is clothed in a modest, realist tone. The most important works are those of S. Salaberria, S. Irizar, Ataño, I. Alkain and A. Zabala.


Poets with differing styles during this period:

  • Those who employed the lyrical-symbolic style of the pre-Spanish Civil War masters: J. I. Goikoetxea aka “Gaztelu” and F. Artola aka “Bordari”.
  • Those involved in elegant, minority yet innovative symbolic lyricism: B. Gandiaga and L. M. Mujika. -
  • Followers of the trend begun by Krutwig and Mirande: Otsalar, J. Azurmendi and M. Lasa.
  • The quintessence of Basque literature: Gabriel Aresti.

Essay writing and journals:

In essay writing mention has to be made of the articles by K. Mitxelena published in the “Egan” journal: Euskal literaturaren etorkizuna (1951), Asaba Zaharren baratza (1960) and Prodomo (1970), among others. These articles have been put together in book form under the title of Mitxelenaren Idazlan hautatuak (1972).

With respect to journals the ones belonging to this era are Olerti (1959) and Igela (1962-63). The “Olerti” journal offers a selection of poems and poetry commentaries. Jon Mirande and Txomin Peillen founded the “Igela” journal. It aimed to destroy the taboos and clichés of the time: with humour and irony it satirised hypocritical, puritan culture, the smugness around it and the fanaticism of leftwing and rightwing political parties.

Liburuak Gozagarri 2018
Literatur Jarduerak
Idazleak Ikastetxeetan
Gure Programak
2011 Euskal Idazleen Elkartea
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